These tips and tricks will help you net the news you need.
by Joni Blecher
Family PC Magazine
The Web is an amazing research tool, but it doesn't come equipped with a personal librarian to help you find what you're looking for. Instead, we're stuck with search engines—powerful, finicky software that scours the Internet and attempts to put us in touch with our heart's desire. The tricky part, of course, is getting search engines to deliver the five sites you want and not the 30,000 sites you don't. Here are some tips that can streamline your next search.
Start Smart and Be Specific
If you're in brainstorming mode and don't really know what you want, you still have options. Check out Search Engine Guide (www.searchengineguide.com), for category-specific search engines and directories. Here, we found 18 separate zoology directories, including one devoted to birds. In no time, we were soaring through a variety of pertinent Web pages.
Try These Tricks
• Put a minus (-) sign in front of any word to ensure that this word doesn't appear in any of the results. For instance, if you're doing a school report on the holiday Independence Day, but don't want references to the 1996 movie of the same name, type Independence Day-movie.
• Use a plus (+) sign in front of any word that you do want to appear in the results. For sites about America's Independence Day (and not those of other countries), type: Independence Day+America+July 4th.
• Adding quotation marks to a search phrase guarantees that the words appear in the precise order indicated. If you type "Declaration of Independence," the search engine will return sites that use the phrase in sequence.
• If you get too many returns, try the same search with the letter t and a colon in front of the search terms. This will restrict your search to words that appear in the document title. A search for t:Independence Day America July 4th will point you to pages devoted to the holiday as opposed to sites that make a passing reference to it.
• To find sites that include certain words in the URL, simply type URL: before the search terms. Our search for URL:IndependenceDay returned a manageable number of sites.
• A wild-card search can deliver variations on a word using an asterisk to replace a character or multiple characters. For example, if you want to find history and historical, type histor* in the search field and you'll get replies for both words.
• To find sites that have a certain domain extension (.edu, .com, .net, .gov, .mil) try typing domain:edu (or one of the other extensions) and follow it with the topic you want, such as domain:edu independence + history.
• Looking for an image rather than text? You can either type image: before your search terms or visit Ditto.com, a micro-search engine that seeks out only images. AltaVista also has a specific image-only search at its website.
Back to Searching on the Web
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This page was last edited on June 20, 2001.
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These pages were developed through GirlTECH, a teacher-training program sponsored by the Center for Excellence in Education (CEEE) with support from the National Science Foundation through EOT-PACI.
Copyright © Michael Sirois, GirlTECH, June 2001.
last edited, ms 6-20-2001, 23:20