WS_FTP Basics










Defining Transfer

FTP is software that allows you to easily transfer files . Transfer means  "make a copy of". If you transfer a file from your computer to Rice, you are transferring, or copying, the file from your computer to the girltech computer. Two copies of the file exist: the one on your computer and the one on

Transferring does not destroy a file unless a copy already exists in the place you are transferring to. The new copy may overwrite the old one. Most FTP software will alert you and ask if you really want to do that.

Clients and Servers 

Transferring files involves two computers and two different kinds of FTP programs. 

The FTP program that runs on your computer is the FTP "client". The client program tells the server program what processes are to be performed. The client software allows you to control what the server is to perform. 

The Rice computer, is called a "server" because it serves you by performing whatever file transfer actions your client FTP program demands. 

Accessing FTP 

Method 1 
1. Double click the FTP icon on your desktop  
2. Go to the File Manager, select programs, double click on the FTP program. 

Method 2: 
1. Double click on the TCP (Tcpman)  icon.  
2. After the rushing sound, you should see this window. 

TCP Window

Profile Fields

Minimize the window and click on the WS_FTP icon to open the profile window

Profile Name:   Any name you choose 
Host Name: 
Host Type:   leave on Automatic detect
User ID:   use Anonymous unless you have an account -- which you do 
Password: use the assigned password 
Account:   leave blank 
Save Password:    check this box. Click  OK. 

Initial Directory 

On the left you see the initial directory of your home computer hard drive. 

The upper grey scrolling window, or directory listbox, shows the drives and directories available to you.

The lower scrolling window is a listbox showing the files within that selected directory. The picture shows the directory of Slip on the hard drive. 

Double clicking on the space above the dotted line will open the Directory of the C drive. 

The window on the right shows you the directories accessible to you on the girltech. server. The grey scrolling window shows where you are in the server directory. 


Click on WebPages to bring up the directories and files in your account. They will appear in the right windows.

(By clicking on any directory in the top scrolling window you can display the contents in the lower scrolling listbox. )

By double clicking on the space above the dotted line, you can navigate up one directory level on the girltech server.

Finding files 
The left top window shows the C drive directory of the home computer.

The right top window shows the directories on the server. 

Find the folder on your C drive that contains your web pages to be transferred. 

Double click. The files should be listed in the left bottom list box. You are now ready to transfer a file.

File Transfer 
Select the file in the file listbox that you want to transfer.

Click on the right pointing arrow.



Buttons on the WS_FTP Main Screen
img1.gif (1156 bytes)

ASCII - Transfer text documents with this selected 

Binary - Transfer all file formats with this selected 

L8 - VMS non-text transfers

img2.gif (1040 bytes) Used to change directories. If you select a name in the directory listbox, this will change into that directory. If nothing is selected, you will be prompted for the path.

img3.gif (1033 bytes) Used to create new directories. (Requires permission to do so on that site.)

img4.gif (1031 bytes) Used to remove directories. (Requires permission to do so on that site.)

img5.gif (1013 bytes) Allows you to view ascii files on the remote site using the viewer you specify in WS_FTP options. (Notepad is a good choice.)

img6.gif (1014 bytes) Executes a file that has been selected. If you execute a file on a remote site, it will first be transferred in binary
mode to your Windows Temp directory, then executed. 

img7.gif (1040 bytes) Allows you to rename a file. (Requires permission to do so on that site.)

img8.gif (1034 bytes) Allows you to delete a file. (Requires permission to do so on that site.)

img9.gif (1046 bytes) Updates the remote site. Useful when uploading files.

img10.gif (1034 bytes) Displays the full UNIX directory information for the selected directory.

img11.gif (1783 bytes)

Close - Closes your connection to a remote site.

Cancel - Cancels current transaction

LogWnd - Displays message log. Can also be displayed by double clicking in the narrow scrolling window below the
ASCII and Binary buttons.

Help - Displays the online help files. 

Options -

Program Options 

Program options affect the layout and operation of WS_FTP. 

Session Options 

Session options affect the current session (and session defaults) 


Extensions are used for Auto Mode (auto detect binary/ascii) 


Associations affect execution by Exec button. 

Save Dir Name 

Saves the local and remote directory names in the current session profile. 

Save Win Loc 

Saves the current main window size and location.

About - Displays version and author contact information.

Exit - Exit the program. 

These pages were developed through GirlTECH, a teacher training program sponsored by the Center for Research on Parallel Computation (CRPC), a National Science Foundation Science and Technology Center.© Marcella Dawson; July 1999.
Thanks to the RGK Foundation and EOT-PACI for its generous support of GirlTECH.