Jeanette's Ready-To-Teach Lesson Plans
I teach microcomputer applications, business information processing, and
business computer programming at San Marcos High School which is the
reason why I have a home page. I want to be the best, most exciting
teacher I can be for my students. I live to see their eyes light up with
excitement when they discover and apply new learning. I hope the things
I share with you will excite you too and make your life and work a little
easier. The two following lessons are good to teach at the beginning of a new
semester when enrollment is not yet stablized. It is appropriate for grades 10
Free Enterprise, Lesson 1
FREE ENTERPRISE: A CONTEXT FOR TECHNOLOGY
- To define free enterprise and discuss its relation to personal freedom.
Materials: (This works best with a blocked schedule with 90 minutes)
- To help students understand what their role will be in preserving the free
enterprise system and to gain knowledge of how technology can help
make the responsibility easier.
- Class notes either on a handout or on a PowerPoint presentation.
- Teacher made Free Enterprise Game (attached)
- Ask students to make a list of things they purchased in the last month with
money they earned. Discuss how it felt to have the freedom to make choices
of how to spend that money.
- "Free Enterprise: A Context for Technology" (See Teacher Notes Below)
- Oral drill of Features and Goals of Free Enterprise.
- Explain the rules of the Trivia Pursuit game. Model how it is played.
- Students divide into groups and play the game.
Freedom is the principle on which the United States was founded. More than 200 years later, freedom serves as the nation's political foundation. Freedom is also the cornerstone of the American economic system. It is often called the free enterprise system because of the freedoms of the marketplace.
In this system, individuals must make economic choices in an effort to satisfy their needs and wants. Natons, too, must make and set goals. The lesson will present two main points of free enterprise:
- Features of Free Enterprise
- Goals of Free Enterprise
FEATURES OF FREE ENTERPRISE
- Owning private property is one of the most basic freedoms of the free enterprise system.
- Individuals and businesses in the United States (US) are free to enter into contraces. Whether written or oral, contrcts are legally binding agreements to buy and sell goods.
- Individuals in the US are free to make personal choices and communicate those choices through the price system. As shoppers, consumers cast "dollar votes" which help producers determine what products to buy.
- Individuals in the us are free to engage in free enterprise and competition. That is, they are free to choose where they will work, to open their own business, if they so desire, and to choose the type and quantity of goods or services they will produce.
- According to famous economist, Adam Smith, self-interest is the force that directs the actions of individuals and businesses. In the US, individuals are free to look after their own self-interest.
- The American economic system is relatively free from government interference.
GOALS OF FREE ENTERPRISE
- A major goal of the American economic system is to maintain economic freedom.
- Another goal of the free enterprise system is efficiency--to make the best use of scarce resources.
- A sense of justice for all is part of America's heritage, and in economic terms this goal is known as economic equity. Government tries to ensure that all people share in the benefits of the free enterprise system.
- To operate smoothly, the goal of economic stability must be set to maintain employment and stable prices.
- Economic security is another goal the government works toward. Individuals can help protect themselves against the unexpected by buying insurance.
- The last aim of the free enterprise system is economic growth; that is, to increase the amount of goods and services that each worker in the economy can produce.
FREE ENTERPRISE GAME
Game Materials Needed:
- 5 envelopes to hold the game pieces
- 1 game board (see below)
- 1 copy of game rules (see below)
- 16 playing cards (see below for copies to reproduce and cut apart)
- Zip lock bag with 5 buttons and 2 dice
Two to six players may play the game.
Choose a button, and place it at on of the starting points. Roll the dice to see who goes first.
All cards will be kept face up on a stack in the center of the table. Te starting player picks the first card on the stack, reads it out lout to the group, then tries to answer it. To check if the correct answer was given, look on the back of the card.
When a question is answered correctly, the player may move his/her button forward on the game board by the number of spaces indicated on the card. (Difficulty level determines the point value.) The card should be returned to the BOTTOM of the stack.
The first player to get "home" wins or the player who is the closest when time is called wins. On the home stretch, if a player needs only two spaces to get home and the question drawn is worth three, the player may go ahead and move home if the question is answered correctly.
Game Cards (Page 1, question side)
synthesis (3) knowledge (1)
FREE ENTERPRISE QUIZ
Why should technology be The freedom to choose where
studied in the context of the one wants to work and what one
free enterprise system to be wants to buy is known in the
best understood? marketplace as ________.
knowledge (1) evaluation (4)
What is one of the most basic In your opinion, is is best
freedoms of the free for consumers to have lots of
enterprise system? competition in the marketplace
or does this produce
extravagance and waste?
knowledge/analysis (3) analysis (2)
A written or oral agreement to Explain how self-interest
buy and sell goods. (1) could direct a market economy.
Is this a free enterprese
feature or goal? (2)
knowledge (1) evaluation (4)
Through what economic system In your opinion, is the American
do individuals "vote" for their economic system relatively free
economic choices? from government interference?
analysis (2) analysis (2)
How do "dollar votes" help Is freedom from government
producers? interference a goal or a feature
of free enterprise?
Game cards (Page 2, question side)
knowledge (1) application (1)
Making the best use of scarse How would you explain economic
resources is known as_____? growth?
application (1) evaluation (4)
Homelessness in America is an Why do you think economic
indication that which one of growth is important?
of the economic goals has not
application (1) knowledge (1)
If the unemployment rate is very Purchasing insurance is an
low in the American economy, attempt to "cushion the fall"
that is often used as an if the government should fail
indicator of reaching which goal? in its goal of providing?
(page 1, answer side)
The use of technology helps
companies to increase profits
Competition by enabling them to produce
more goods and services
at less cost.
It should, in theory, produce
more efficiency by producing
exactly what consumers want to
buy and at the price they are Owning private property
willing to pay. Much
cometition is good for consumers
because it forces businesses to
keep prices down in order to
Businesses are driven by the a contract
profit motive to produce the
goods and services dictated by One point if player answers
consumers wants and needs "feature" and two points if
expressed in the marketplace. player answers "both".
This is a hot topic that can
be debated both ways. In theory,
the government only regulates
enough to keep the economy Through the price system.
stable and consumers safe They "vote" not to buy if the
from business abuse. Business may price if higher than the
feel this is "interference while consumers competition
may argue there needs to
be even more "protection".
One point if player answer Dollar votes know producers
"feature" and two points know what to produce and how
player answers "both". much to produce.
(page 2, answer side)
The aim of economic growth is
to increase the amount of
goods and services that each Efficiency
worker in the economy can
It is important because it
provides more jobs and an
opportunity for more people to Economic equity
have a higher standard of living.
Economic Stability Economic Security.
(Other answers may be
correct also as long as
the player can defend the
Quiz - Free Enterprise: A context for Technology
Directions: Make a list of key phrases to answer questions
one and two. Question three should be answered
in paragraph form using complete sentences.
Each question is worth 33 points.
1. Name six FEATURES of free enterprise.
2. Name six GOALS of free enterprise.
3. Write a paragraph explaining why it is important to
think of free enterprise as a context for technology.
Go on to Freedom Lesson 2.
Thanks for visiting my site! You are #
Return to Jeanette's Home Page
These pages were developed through GirlTECH '96, a teacher
training and student technology council program sponsored by
the Center for Research on
Parallel Computation (CRPC), a National
Science Foundation Science and Technology Center.
Thanks! to CRPC and GirlTECH Instructors!