Welcome to Free Enterprise, Lesson 2
Free Enterprise, Lesson 2
USE OF THE COMPUTER AS A PRODUCTIVITY TOOL IN THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
Students will be able to explain how computers increase business productivity.
Students will be able to identify ways in which computers are used in business
To help students understand what manual tools the computer replaces and to appreciate the power they will have in hand at the end of the course when proficiency in the use of computer tools has been learned.
Focus: Define new terms
- Productivity tool
- Application software
- Word processor
- Graphics package
"Computers as Productivity Tools in the Business Environment" (See Teacher Notes Below)
Discuss with students how they have seen computers used in everyday life--in stores, in hotels, in manufacturing, in places of business.
Teacher prepared case study of some business in the local community. (A good one to do would be the local newspaper.) The students analyze to determine which productivity tools are (or could be) used by this company. Follow this activity with a discussion of the student's ideas.
COMPUTERS AS A PRODUCTIVITY TOOL IN THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
Businesses must be able to receive and convey information
quickly and accurately, and computers make this possible.
Computers have transformed the way we do business. Both
large and small businesses have the same goal--to run
efficiently and productively and profitibly. Computers
increase business productivity because they can process
data in a fraction of the time it would take to perform the
same job manually thus helping to reduce costs.
Application software programs perform specific tasks for
solving an organization's information needs, or help an
individual with personal or educational tasks. They can
be developed within a company or purchased from
a vendor outside the company. This lesson will present
four basic productivity tools: The word processor, database
manager, spreadsheet and graphics package.
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- Word Processor (replaces the traditional typewriter)
Allows the user to manage documents including text
such as letters, memos, and reports. Errors are corrected
easily. Text can be manipulated easily--inserted,
deleted, moved, copied and enhanced
- Database Manager (organized like the traditional filing cabinet)
Allows the recording, updating, and storing of information
in one central location where each department has access to it
as opposed to the old method where each department kept its
own files. Drawers were stuffed with the same data repeatedly
in each department.
- Spreadsheet (replaces the traditional calculator)
Allows accountants and other people who's jobs involve
financial calculations to record and make calculations on
data and get a printout of the spreadsheet. The great
advantage is that once the mathematical formulas are keyed,
the data can be changed and the solution will be
- Graphics Packages
Allow the user to electronically create bar graphs, line graphs,
pie charts and presentations. The parts of the graphs can be
labeled using text. These graphics can be used in presentations
to summarize complex information in a visual rather than
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These pages were developed through GirlTECH '96, a teacher
training and student technology council program sponsored by
the Center for Research on
Parallel Computation (CRPC), a National
Science Foundation Science and Technology Center.
Thanks! to CRPC and GirlTECH Instructors!