Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

TEKS Terminology

As defined by Elsik Web Mastering Students - Spring 1999



Acceptable Use Policy
The U.S. National Science Foundation's one-page policy on what types of traffic the federally funded part of the Internet can carry. Initially interpreted to mean that the Internet can be used to carry only research- and educational-oriented traffic, it is now generally accepted that this applies only to the part of U.S. backbone that is funded by the NSF.

c3. Demonstrate proper etiquette and knowledge of acceptable use policies when using networks, especially resources on the Internet and intranet.

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Access Information
The right or permition to approach, enter, or use the acquired information
b. The efficient acquisition of information includes the identification of task requirements; the plan for using search strategies; and the use of technology to access, analyze, and evaluate the acquired information.

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Alignment
The act of adjusting to a line; arrangement in a line or lines; the state of being so adjusted; a formation in a straight line; also, the line of adjustment. An imaginary line to regulate the formation of troops or of a squadron.
c7. create and edit WWW documents using established design principles including consistency, repetition, alignment, proximity, ratio of text to white space, image file size, color use, font size, type, and style.

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Analog video
Analog: A way of storing and transmitting data in continuous format.
Digital: Computerized binary data.
c5. identify, create, and use available file formats including text, image, video (analog and digital), and audio files.

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Analyze Information
To separate information into constituent parts , so as to determine the nature or essential features.
b. The efficient acquisition of information includes the identification of task requirements; the plan for using search strategies; and the use of technology to access, analyze, and evaluate the acquired information.

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Approriateness of Software
The best software to use ,the quality of being specially suitable ,The state or quality of being appropriate.
c1. Make decisions regarding the selection, acquisition, and use of software taking under consideration its quality, appropriateness, effectiveness, and efficiency.

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Bookmark
used to create and format WWW documents


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Boolean Search Strategy
strategy used for searching


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Central Processing Unit (CPU)
a unit on the computer for the internet


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Collaborative Software
a productivity tool used to create WWW pages


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Color Use
1. used to create and edit webpages
create and edit WWW documents using established design principles including consistency, repetition, alignment

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Common Gateway Interface(CGI)
develops interactivity for the web server
develop interactivity for the web server via scripting additions such as Common Gateway Interface, Java Script, or JAVA

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Copyright Laws
Copyright Law on the internet is a law. If you are caught the fine is $2,500. Every thing on the internet is copyrighted until April 1, 1986 if it has a notice or not. A notice looks like "Copyright or © date by author/owner and Templetion 1" and if want the subject matter bad enough then just E-mail them and ask them and if you ask them nicely, most of the time they will let you use it. (3)(A)discuss Copyright Laws and model ethical acuisition and use of digital information, citing sources using established methods;

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CPU Speed
If you want a faster CPU to get the best performance for working on the internet then you don't need more RAM or a faster processor but it is the better tools and a way of monitering the system to get the ideol performance out of it for working on the internet (1)(F)summarize the technical needs of a world wide web server including random access memory, hard disk capacity, Central Processing Unit(CPU)speed, methods of connectivity, and approprite software; and

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Create a Solution
To create a solution to a problem there are steps to take in order for solving the problem. Frist of all see the problem, see the situation what is the problem? Then plan what you are going to do. Next, take the steps to solving the problem take some action After that the final step is taken find the solution and implement it, and thier you go. By using technology as a tool that supports the work of individuals and groups in solving problems, students will select the technology appropriate for the task, synthesize knowledge, create a solution, and evaluate the results.

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Cross Platform Connectivity
(1)(D)delineate and make necessary adjustments regarding compatibility issues including, but not limited to, digital file formats and Cross Platform Connectivity;

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Data Input Strategy
(b)(2)Through the study of technology applications foundations, including technology-related terms, concepts, and Data Input Strategies, students learn to make informed decisions about technologies and their applications.

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Database
Database: One or more large structured sets of persistent data, usually associated with software to update and query the data. A simple database might be a single file containing many records, each of which contains the same set of fields where each field is a certain fixed width. (7)(B) select and integrate appropriate productivity tools including, but not limited to, word processor, Database, spreadsheet, telecommunication, draw, paint, and utility programs into the creation of WWW documents;

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Design for Content Delivery
This means that what type of design do they have for thier text dilevery (A) determine and employ methods to evaluate the Design (for Content Delivery) and functionality (for navigation and interaction) of WWW pages and compare the method with other established methods;

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Design Principles
A group of universal design advocates are working cooperatively to try to develop a set of universal design principles. The goal is to see whether there are some general high-level principles which apply across environments, products, and communication. This is an ongoing project, and input is solicited.
(F) create and edit WWW documents using established design principles including consistency, repetition, alignment, proximity, ratio of text to white space, image file size, color use, font size, type, and style;


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Digital File Format
Relating to or performed with the fingers; "digital examination". The way a file stores information.
(D) delineate and make necessary adjustments regarding compatibility issues including, but not limited to, digital file formats and cross platform connectivity;


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Digital Information
Information stored in binary form that a computer can understand.Text, graphics, and sound are all stored as 1s and 0s in a computer.
(10)Communication. The student formats digital information for appropriate and effective communication. The student is expected to:


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Digital video
The power of today’s personal computers, and the recent establishment of the MPC (Multimedia Personal Computer) III standard, have increased the ease of digital video capture and the use of motion video within teaching and learning. Motion video is made up of a series of still frames played at a speed of 25 frames per second.
(B) demonstrate proficiency in the use of a variety of electronic input devices such as keyboard, scanner, voice/sound recorder, mouse, touch screen or digital video by incorporating such components while publishing WWW pages.


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Draw/Paint
Direct Read After Write.A term that describes WO (write once) and Rewritable CD-ROMs, on which the data can be accessed immediately after being written.In the case of the original CD-ROM format, data could not be immediately read after being written; the CD had to be mass replicated first.To color, stain, or tinge; to adorn or beautify with colors; to diversify with colors.
(B) select and integrate appropriate productivity tools including, but not limited to, word processor, database, spreadsheet, telecommunication, draw, paint, and utility programs into the creation of WWW documents;


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Effectivness of Software
The quality of being effective. Software is the programs that tell a computer what to do.Hardware is the physical part of a computer system; the machinery and equipment.
(C) make decisions regarding the selection, acquisition, and use of software taking under consideration its quality, appropriateness, effectiveness, and efficiency;


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Efficiency of software
Ensuring software is functioning in a manner that will result in proper and timely use by operator.


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Electronic input device
A peripheral used to transfer data from the outside world into a computer system. Some input devices are operated directly by the user, e.g. keyboard, mouse, touch screen, joystick, digitising tablet, microphone; others are sensors or transducers which convert external signals into data, e.g. using an ananlog to digital converter (this would also be true of a microphone). Other kinds of inputs are really one half of a bidirectional link with another computer or storage device, e.g. serial line, SCSI interface.


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Electronic Security Methods
Various techniques guarding and protecting computers from hackers and viruses.


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Ethical Acquisition
n 1: the act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of any information from the computer or its components in a moralistic manner.


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Evaluate Information
Read over and verify any information before placing it on the web.


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Evaluate Results
Study the outcome of any work performed on the computer.


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Evaluation Rubric
A chart based on a certain assignment that will be used to grade assignment.
The is expected to create an evaluation rubric, that will help hhim seek and respond to input from peers and professionals in evaluating he product.

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File Format
A format for encoding information in a file.
Identify, create, and use avaliable file formats including text, image, video, and audio files.

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File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
A client-server protocol that allows a computer to transfer or recieve files from another computer through a TCP/IP connection.
Summarize the development of filr transfer protocals (FTP).

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Folder/Directory Hierarchy
A level of importance for folder that will be used to store WEB page material.
Establish a folder/director hierarchy for storage of a web page and its realted or linked files.

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Font Size
The total hieght and width of a single symbol that is used for communication.
Create and edit WWW documents using established design principles including font size.

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Font Style
The manner of writng a single symbol.
Make a WEB page with the understanding of font style.

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Font Type
The buildings of a single symbol.
Create a WEB document knowing how to use font type.

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Hypertext Linking
Linking a peice of text to another file or URL location is called "hyper-referencing" or "hyper-linking." Text files that are linking together are called hypertexts.

(10a)use hypertext linking appropriately when creating WWW pages.

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Hypertext Transfer Protocol (http)
The protocol most often used to transfer information from World Wide Web servers to browsers, which is why Web addresses begin with http://.

(1g) summarize the developement of Internet protocols including, but not limited to, hypertext transfer protocol (http)

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Image File Size
You can make extremely small files but may cause poor quaility, this is useful for applications such as indexing image archives.

(7f)create and edit WWW documtents using established design principles including consistency, repetition, alignment, proximity, ratio of text to white space, image file size, color use, font size, type, and style.

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Impact of WWW on Society
How the World Wide Web has has effected our Society

(3c)analyze the impact of the WWW on society through research, interviews, and personal observation.

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Implement Procedures
A particular way of accomplishing something

(9a) design and implement procedures to track trends, set timelines, and review/evaluate progress for continual improvment in process and product.

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Informed Decision
You have enough information to make a decision.

(b2) through the study of technology applications foundations, including technology-related terms, concepts, and data input strategies, students learn to make informed decisions about technologies and their applications.

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Initiator
What is to cause or facilitate the beginning of a set.


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Input/Output Devices (I/O)
Any devices that feed information into a data processing system or being produced to any devices connected.


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Internet
The Internet is a worldwide information resource. The Internet is not owned by any one organization or government party, however it was before.


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Internet Protocols (IP)
Is known mostly for its widely-used method for transporting data within and between communications networks.


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Intranet
Networks that are internal to an enterprise or organization and not connected to the outside world.


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JAVA
Scripting language to further enhance the quality and or product of a webpage. Provides an extension to html allowing you to create interactive pages.


C10 (B) develop interactivity for the web server via scripting additions such as Common Gateway Interface (CGI), Java Script, or JAVA;


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Java Script
An easy way to incorporate Java into a web page. Java Script is a tiny program that can be implemented on a webpage. The web page user seemlessly downloads the tiny applet to see its contents.


C10 (B) develop interactivity for the web server via scripting additions such as Common Gateway Interface (CGI), Java Script, or JAVA;


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Keyword Search Strategy
A search strategy useful in finding information on the internet. Helps to filter out the useless info and to get only information you request.


C4 (B) construct appropriate search strategies in the acquisition of information from the Internet including keyword and Boolean search strategies


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Larger Community/Society
Do work and projects out in the community by using the knowledge attained from electronic research.


C8 (G) participate in relevant, meaningful activities in the larger community and society to create electronic projects.


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Learner
To work with a group of people online and continue to expand your knowledge electronicly.


C8 (F) participate with electronic communities as a learner, initiator, contributor, and teacher/mentor;


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Linked Files
Files linked via a button on a web page. One click and the file will be downloaded.


C7 (H) establish a folder/directory hierarchy for storage of a web page and its related or linked files.


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Local Area Network (LAN)-
A network of computers connected to a server. Such as the one we have in our classroom used to navigate through the world wide web.
(4a) use local are networks (LANs) and wide area networks (WANs) including the Internet and intranet in research and resource sharing; (8a) demonstrate proficiency in, appropriate use of, and navigation of LANs, WANs, the Internet, and Intranet for research and for sharing of resources; (11b) identify and use LANs, WANs, and remote resources to exchange and publish information.

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Meaningful Activity-
An activity that is relevant in the act associated with creating a project. An example would be all of the projects we have currently done in this web class.
(G) participate in relevant, meaningful activities in the larger community and society to create electronic projects.

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Methods of Connectivity-
Way's of contacting or getting to a desired place.
(1f) summarize the technical needs of a WOrld Wide Web (WWW) server including Random Access Memory (RAM), hard disk capacity, Central Processing Unit (CPU) speed, methods of connectivity, and appropriate software;

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Networking Components
The parts that make up a system of channels interlacing a network.
(1a) demonstrate knowledge and appropriate use of operating systems, software applications, and communication and networking components;

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Operating System
A system that controls all of your hardware.
(1a) demonstrate knowledge and appropriate use of operating systems, software applications, and communication and networking components;

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Password Controls
A way of protecting your work or computer from other people
(7g) demonstrate the ability to control access to the WWW site via password controls and global access/deny controls;

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Secure Tranaction
Many Internet sites are set up to prevent unauthorized people from seeing the information that is sent to or from those sites.
E-Trade


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Set Timelines
Basically a deadling to have a specific area of the project finished if not totally finished.


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Software Application
A complete, self-contained program that performs a specific function directly for the user. This is in contrast to system software such as the operating system kernel, server processes and libraries which exists to support application programs.


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Specifications
The act of specifying or determining by a mark or limit; notation of limits.


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Spread Sheets
Use worksheets to list and analyze data. You can enter and edit data on several worksheets simultaneously and perform calculations based on data from multiple worksheets. When you create a chart, you can place the chart on the worksheet with its related data or on a separate chart sheet. ex. excel


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Strand - Communication
1. AND-parallel logic programming language. Essentially flat Parlog83 with sequential-and and sequential-or eliminated.

["Strand: New Concepts on Parallel Programming", Ian Foster et al, P-H 1990]. Strand88 is a commercial implementation.

2. A query language, implemented on top of INGRES (an RDBMS). ["Modelling Summary Data", R. Johnson, Proc ACM SIGMOD Conf 1981].


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Text-Based Program
An text-based program uses a screen with a fixed array of 80x25 or 80x40 characters. An examples are WorkPerfect before version 5.1 and Microsoft Word. A popular word processor, part of the Microsoft Office suite


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Track Trends (I/O)
The approach that engineering disciplines use to specify how to create or do something. A successful design must satisfies a (perhaps informal) functional specification (do what it was designed to do); conforms to the limitations of the target medium (it is possible to implement); meets implicit or explicit requirements on performance and resource usage (it is efficient enough).


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URL
Abbreviation of Uniform Resource Locator, the global address of documents and other resources on the World Wide Web.


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Utility Program (IP)
A program designed for general support of the processes of a computer; "a computer system provides utility programs to perform the tasks needed by most users".


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Web Page Storage
Best thought of as the table of contents of all files contained on or in a specific section of a web page. A directory often shows file name, file size, date and time created, file type, and author. Sometimes called a folder.


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Web Server
A server process running at a web site which sends out web pages in response to HTTP requests from remote browsers


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Wide Area Information System (WAIS)
an Internet system in which specialized subject databases are created at multiple server locations, kept track of by a directory of servers at one location


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Wide Area Network (WAN)
a computer network that spans a wider area than does a local area network


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Word Processor
an application that provides the user with tools needed to write and edit and format text and to send it to a printer


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World Wide Web (WWW)
a collection of internet sites that offer text and graphics and sound and animation resources through the hypertext transfer protocol


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