IM SMART LESSON "Using the Scientific Method to Predict Weather
Lesson created by Stephen
Simmonsas part of the IM SMART Project. This project seeks to integrate
Mathematics and Science at Milby High School through the study, and building
of, alternative-fuel vehicles.
Students will become familiar the capabilities of spreadsheet programs in science
and Mathematics applications
Identify telecommunications/Internet resources for a weather unit
Gain minimal skills in spreadsheet capabilities
Students will calculate averages and sums, convert Celcius from Fahrenheit
Create pie and line charts, use charts to make correlations and predictions
SCIENCE CONNECTIONStudents will be able to identify the steps
of the Scientific Method and use the Scientific Method to make general
predictions of naturally occuring phenomena.
Computer with Internet access
Spreadsheet program such as Microsoft Exell or Microsoft Works
When a scientist tries to solve a problem she searches for an answer in
an orderly and systematic manner. This approach to problem solving
is called the Scientific Method.
You will attempt to figure out what type of clouds cause rain. You will also attempt
to see if a relationship exists between barometric pressure and certain weather
conditions. To do this you will use information available at the following Internet
Return to step 3
Step 1Create a MicroSoft Works spreadsheet
- From the taskbar select start...programs....MSWorks
- Select Spreadsheet
- Select New
Use internet resources to find the information required to complete
Use formulas to automatically calculate temperature
- Enter data from data sheet (below) into your
- To enter data into a spreadsheet, just click at the location and type in the data.
- To move to another cell, use the arrow keys.
- When finished entering data, choose Save As from the File Menu
- Type weather.spread and click on Save
Step 5 Use formulas to automatically calculate rainfall sums
Step 6 Use a formula to automatically convert from Fahrenheit to Celsius
Make a pie chart of cloud type frequency
Make a line chart of temperature
Step 9 Make a line chart of barometric pressure
Step 10 Make a line chart showing both temperature and barometric pressure
Step 11Add rainfall to the chart you made in step 10.
Step 12 Compare and anylize the information on this chart.
Step 13Answer the enrichment questions
Return to step 2
|Date||Temperature ||Cloud Type
|| Barometer ||Rainfall|
|7th||continue for 30 days|
The scientific method can be divided into the following five steps.
(note: some scientist or science books have more steps)
Return to the lesson
- State the problem to be solved
- Gather information and make observations
- Analyze the data collected and observations
- Make a hypothesis (that would solve the problem)
- Test the hypothesis (experiment)
If the experiment does not prove the hypothosis correct the scientist would return to step 3.
Return to step 4
Back to step 7
Back to step 8
The IM SMART project, and particularly Mr. Simmons and Ms. Rienstra have received
valuable assistance in the implementation of publishing these lessons on the World Wide Web
from GirlTECH , a program
of the Center for Research on
Parrallel Computation at Rice University.
Financial assistance has been provided by GTE Corporation through the GTE Growth
Initiatives for Teachers (GIFT) Grant, Toyota Motor Sales USA through the Toyota TAPESTRY
Grant, and The Texas General Land Office & H.E.B. Grocery's Environmental Challenge.